Fixing unhandled instruction bytes error Running Valgrind on AWS CodeBuild

When running Valgrind against one of our C libraries we encountered some discrepancies in the build where locally all would pass but on AWS CodeBuild using the aws/codebuild/standard:2.0 image we would get errors like:

vex amd64->IR: unhandled instruction bytes: 0x62 0xF1 0x7D 0x48 0xEF 0xC0 0xC5 0xF9 0x2E 0x45

The full message was like:

==16128== Memcheck, a memory error detector
==16128== Copyright (C) 2002-2017, and GNU GPL'd, by Julian Seward et al.
==16128== Using Valgrind-3.13.0 and LibVEX; rerun with -h for copyright info
==16128== Command: /root/build/meh/test/.libs/state
[==========] Running 2 test(s).
[ RUN      ] test1
vex amd64->IR: unhandled instruction bytes: 0x62 0xF1 0x7D 0x48 0xEF 0xC0 0xC5 0xF9 0x2E 0x45
vex amd64->IR:   REX=0 REX.W=0 REX.R=0 REX.X=0 REX.B=0
vex amd64->IR:   VEX=0 VEX.L=0 VEX.nVVVV=0x0 ESC=NONE
vex amd64->IR:   PFX.66=0 PFX.F2=0 PFX.F3=0
==16128== valgrind: Unrecognised instruction at address 0x1173bd.
==16128== Your program just tried to execute an instruction that Valgrind
==16128== did not recognise.  There are two possible reasons for this.
==16128== 1. Your program has a bug and erroneously jumped to a non-code
==16128==    location.  If you are running Memcheck and you just saw a
==16128==    warning about a bad jump, it's probably your program's fault.
==16128== 2. The instruction is legitimate but Valgrind doesn't handle it,
==16128==    i.e. it's Valgrind's fault.  If you think this is the case or
==16128==    you are not sure, please let us know and we'll try to fix it.
==16128== Either way, Valgrind will now raise a SIGILL signal which will
==16128== probably kill your program.

The error seems to indicate that the architecture doesn’t seem to match what the docker image had so going off of a Linux Headers Reinstall article we added the following and then the architecture packages were fine.

apt upgrade --fix-missing -y && apt autoremove -y && apt autoclean -y


AWS CDK CLI can only be used with apps created by CDK error

I upgraded my AWS CDK to 1.10.1 today because it prompted me via:

*** Newer version of CDK is available [1.10.0] ***
*** Upgrade recommended                        ***

After doing the upgrade via

npm install -i -g aws-cdk

I went to do a cdk ls or cdk diff and was greeted with the error:

CDK CLI can only be used with apps created by CDK >= 1.10.0

Googling around wasn’t too helpful but finally I figured out that it was complaining that my python dependencies  had the old aws-cdk libraries installed.

A quick

rm -r .env/
python -m venv .env
pip install -r requirements.txt

And I was back in business

cdk ls

ZyXEL EMG3425-Q10A Port Forwarding

The ZyXEL EMG3425-Q10A has NAT Port Forwaring but it doesn’t seem to work well because the Remote Management section has been patched out. This causes the remote management screen to always boot on the IP that is the same as the Port Forwarding Default Server Setup. You need to do two things to fix this mess. First change the default server setup to be the target you normally will port forward to. Turn on a firewall on this host. Second, you need to forward the WWW and HTTPS rules to that host.

When adding additional rules, click “add” instead of apply. Add ports like 25565 to host minecraft or 27015 to TF2.

You cannot delete rules or you have to re-enter all of them in the right order. AGAIN.

EDID Reading on Arch Linux

There are several tools to read the Extended Display Identification Data, EDID, from systems but I found LinuxTV’s edid-decode the most thorough when debugging for a linux 5.0.x display boot flicking problem.

On arch I ran installed edid-decode-git and then ran a quick script:

for f in `find /sys/devices -name 'edid'`; do sudo cat $f| edid-decode;done

and I got something like:

EDID version: 1.4
Manufacturer: BOE Model 65a Serial Number 0
Made in week 1 of 2015
Digital display
6 bits per primary color channel
DisplayPort interface
Maximum image size: 34 cm x 19 cm
Gamma: 2.20
Supported color formats: RGB 4:4:4, YCrCb 4:4:4
First detailed timing includes the native pixel format and preferred refresh rate
Display x,y Chromaticity:
  Red:   0.6416, 0.3437
  Green: 0.3183, 0.6103
  Blue:  0.1494, 0.0439
  White: 0.3125, 0.3281
Established timings supported:
Standard timings supported:
Detailed mode: Clock 139.770 MHz, 344 mm x 194 mm
               1920 1968 2000 2080 hborder 0
               1080 1083 1089 1120 vborder 0
               +hsync -vsync 
               VertFreq: 59 Hz, HorFreq: 67197 Hz
Detailed mode: Clock 111.820 MHz, 344 mm x 194 mm
               1920 1968 2000 2080 hborder 0
               1080 1083 1089 1120 vborder 0
               +hsync -vsync 
               VertFreq: 47 Hz, HorFreq: 53759 Hz
ASCII string: J125V
Manufacturer-specified data, tag 0
Checksum: 0xa9 (valid)

This helped when trying to diagnose: black screen on Dell XPS 15 with kernel 5.0 and Bug 109959 – REGRESSION: black screen with linux 5.0 when starting X


Did you know that employee owned companies are practicing socialism? Anything the government does, building parks, roads, defense spending, etc is technically supposed to be socialism. Ie, the government isn’t there to make a profit. We the people elect representatives to decide where our extra money goes. Socialism is pooling profits and redistributing them as the people see fit vs as the boss sees fit.

Socialism put a man in the moon.

Ideal Communism = Government runs everything
Ideal Capitalism = Everyone give profits to companies after being paid
Ideal Socialism = Everyone gets an even share of all profits after being paid

USA is totally a mix of socialism and capitalism. Communist we are not.

I think there are many shades in between where we are, where we’ve been,  and where we should go.

Fixing a Kenmore 71033 Freezer Leak Ice Over

The internet is a great place for the do it yourselfer these days. I have a Kenmore 71033 Elite Refrigerator, 795.71033.010 exactly,  and the freezer had been filling up with ice in the bottom. After a while the ice migrated to leaking as water onto the floor. The kids were pleased with the freezer sized ice cubes they could smash outside however we were tired of it.

Fixing the problem was solved through some googling and I wanted to share a trio of videos that helped work through the problem.

First up was a search on with my model information, 79571033010. The site was helpful in that it had some Question and Answers and the first question was titled, “Leaking from Freezer Area and Ice Buildup”. This was pretty much dead on with my problem. Unfortunately the helpful answer said, “Here is an image of a repair procedure that shows how to remote that back panel inside the freezer compartment: Kenmore Refrigerator Evaporator Grill Removal” followed by a dead link. Regardless of this, it was a great sign that my problem was pretty solved so I search for a repair video and found a general disassembly video that was was easy to follow by named, “LG Refrigerator Disassembly“. Watching this while waiting for my Thai food made me confident in my endeavor and I searched on. A little later I found a video with the problem explanation and a good overview of how to fix the freezer water leak: sgrddy’s “Fixing Freezer Water Leak on Kenmore Elite Bottom-Freezer“. He took the time to share experience and his tips such as using hot water and siphon were much appreciated.

Of course here comes the gotcha. The problem with my specific Kenmore Elite was the Evaporator Cover was different than all those I had seen. It had no obvious screws and no obvious prying points.

Being that my refrigerator was sitting in the kitchen powered off and half way disassembled one could appreciate that I really didn’t want to fuck this thing up but also did want to finish the job. I desperately poured over my previous clues. I tried using the internet archive to resurrect that “Kenmore Refrigerator Evaporator Grill Removal” image but with no luck. Nothing comes up for “” but I did now know a new term for the back panel. I googled, “how to remove freezer Refrigerator Evaporator Cover kenmore elite” and hit the jackpot. A video by grateful patron, “Kenmore Elite Refrigerator Freezer Back Panel Removal” answered my confusion of how to remove the freezer back panel, or Refrigerator Evaporator Cover as they call it on the searspartsdirect site. Apparently you need a pull and pry bar which of course I didn’t have in the tool box. Instead, I took one of those Ikea wrenches that of course I kept and of course really was never to be used again but had it. I took it and hammered a 90 degree angle on the end and that was good enough to pry and pull on the upper left side of panel to dislodge the cover. I finished up by melting that ice and problem sovled!

So thank you, sgrddy, and grateful patron for your internet contributions. I hope this post ties it together and helps another one day.

and I just hope that freezer doesn’t hit another ice age…



Linux Client VPN using Meraki Cloud Controller authentication

If you want to VPN into your network using the Meraki Cloud Controller the Client VPN Instructions indicate that you may be out of luck when trying to use xl2tp.

Note: The xl2tp package does not send user credentials properly to the MX when using Meraki Cloud Controller authentication, and this causes the authentication request to fail. Active Directory or RADIUS authentication can be used instead for successful authentication.
Note: The xl2tp package does not send user credentials properly to the MX when using Meraki Cloud Controller authentication, and this causes the authentication request to fail. Active Directory or RADIUS authentication can be used instead for successful authentication.

It turns out that if you setup the IPSEC phase1 and phase2 algorithms then it’ll work.

It took some googling to bring it all around but combined with the Project network-manager-l2tp Github issue 34 of  “IPSec options hard coded” and the Ubuntu question “L2tp IPSEC PSK VPN client on (x)ubuntu 16.04“, I found that setting IPSEC Phase1 Algorithms to 3des-sha1-modp1024 and Phase2 Algorithms to 3des-sha1 works.

Phase1 Algorithms: 3des-sha1-modp1024 Phase2 Algorithms: 3des-sha1
Phase1 Algorithms: 3des-sha1-modp1024 Phase2 Algorithms: 3des-sha1

Now I can connect to the VPN no problem. On Arch Linux!

Participating in Season 3 of Ready Steady Pan

I participated in a competitive Team Fortress 2 tournament, aka an e-sports competitive video games tournament. My journey took place over eight weeks with a scramble weekend to sign up plus seven weeks of the regular season. We did not make the post season. It was a journey in pan play beyond even what the great degroot_keep offers. With over 10,000 kills on my Golden Frying Pan this tournament meant I got to test my mantle of pan with champions.

The journey nearly was halted before I could even begin. My awareness of this tournament was brought forth around the 20th of October when an update came through saying, “Added Ready Stead Pan Season 3 tournament medals”.

TF2 Update Released


I was intrigued and googled the first image I saw was:


Oh no! Panicked, I read more and instantly was relieved!


After some hesitation of entering such a tournament I jumped into the forums and laid it all out to find a team. With my Golden Frying Pan there was no way I was missing out. The tournament was calling.



With just over 24 hours until the deadline and no one replying to my post, I hit the Discord chat and found my team. We were formed in the last seconds. A ragtag bunch looking for glory in the Fortress world.

The team was named “we exist guys“, team number 648. Literally the last team made. We existed only in the last moments before sign ups finished. Our team was completely formed in the extension of the signups.


Only time would tell how my newly found comrades and I would fare. Our roster was a colorful bunch: Team Captains: Diamond and “Carl, Good to see you” followed by spacy, Axie, Dell Conaghr RSP???, red box, joekiller (myself), – VH – SnakeFawdz, and Burnt Venom.

The first week was tense and fun. King of the Hill was the game mode. Matches were played until a side reached three wins. To win a team needed to hold the capture point, the hill, for three minutes. Lacking any offensive projectile weapons, the game played out curiously compared to other first person shooter environments. With five player classes allowed there was a variance on speed and health. Players took anywhere from three to six hits to take down and all combat was melee frying pans only. There were no lucky critical hits; only loud frying pan clanging engagements. Here you could stare down an opponent for seconds beckoning each other in awkward strafing dances trying to just bring the other’s hit box within one’s own range. Overwhelming numbers were the name of the game. With a frenzied start the game quickly gave way to one side but with health slow to get to people had to leave the point leaving opportunity for lesser numbered engagements, 1 on 1, 2 on 2, etc.


In the end our team was outmatched once however all the others, despite the final scores, were closely contested. We played 5 of the 7 matches ending up with a record of 3 – 4, 2 – 3 in matches plus one win and loss from forfeit, but it felt closer to 5-2. We vanquished what turned out to be the bottom two teams and were squashed by The Knights of Nye in a shocking 6 minutes and 6 seconds. Other matches took between 18 to 30 minutes. We held our own against the mid tier teams, even the Knights of Nye whom made the playoffs. The team improved over time and had fun.


But of course this was journey for championing the Golden Pan. How was it? For three of five matches I was in the top. Ending the season I had 155 kills, 43 assists,106 deaths, and put out a total of 35,189 damage (about 281 scouts). The road was hard but the Golden Pan usually rang more than any other each match. With a solid 2.06 Kill and Assists per death ratio the pan performed well. It was a great journey and in the end everyone will get a Tournament Medal. GG’s everyone.


Kills Assists Deaths Damage Damage/Minute Kill and Assists / Death Kills / Death Damage Taken Damage taken / Minute HP* Capture Point Captures

Week 1 20 10 25 6191 287 1.2 0.8 6061 281 28 3
Week 3 36 10 10 7227 385 4.6 3.6 4985 266 55 4
Week 4 45 13 40 9649 364 1.4 1.1 9084 342 63 9
Week 5 2 2 8 1170 190 0.5 0.3 1952 317 7 0
Week 7 52 8 23 10952 371 2.6 2.3 8169 277 76 9
Totals or Average 155 43 106 35189 30251 229 25
Averages 31 8.6 21.2 7037.8 319.4 2.06 1.62 6050.2 296.6 5

HP is “Health pickup rating: Small 1p, Medium 2p, Large 4p”


Week 1

Week 3

Week 4

Week 5
B4nny Merc for Top Team Note: Not related to our team but b4nny is a popular player and the top team is playing.

Week 7

Anti-Immigration or Anti-Refugee Bills are immoral and not in Virginia’s interest

In sync with President Trumps push to persecute refugees and immigrants, the Virginia General Assembly has had a number of bills introduced that do not represent what America stands for nor are they in the best interest of the citizens of Virginia. The majority of these bills increase the burden of running day to day services for the state. The burden of work is increased for entities providing immigration or refugee services, education, and just general contracting with government entities.

I urge you to find out who your legislatures are ( and get in touch telling them that these laws are not in the interest of Virginia.

Below are my letters outlining my objections to HB 1468, HB 1723, HB 2000, HB 2001, HB 2002, HB 2236, and SB 1262.

America’s morals and responsibility to take in those who are escaping war or are trying to make a better life are parts of what I believe make America great. I feel that discrimination and additional laws against refugees or immigrants, illegal or not, are unnecessary and our existing laws are well in place to punish those who intend to harm our citizens, community or country.

I urge you to not support HB 1468 as it applies a double standard of justice which America cannot stand for. Justice is a right of all people and if a person is within our borders they will experience the same justice everyone else does. HB 1468 introduces a broad stroke burden and strain upon the families and law enforcement who face incarceration. If a person is not an immediate threat to our safety they shouldn’t burden our justice system any more than anyone else.

I urge you to not support HB 1723 as it is unnecessary to track individuals movement outside of the current systems that exist. If an entity within the state enters an agreement to settle some refugees, Virginia doesn’t need to have a “refugee list” that is updated prior to settlement agreements being executed. This increases the burden of the government and those most affected by the refugee status. This slows down organizations ability to help these people who are most vulnerable.

I urge you to not support HB 2000 as it increases the burden to do work within the state with the state and is ridiculous to write a law that chains our state’s freedom and self governance to a minimum standard held by the federal government. Virginia doesn’t need laws that remind us what the federal law is. What a waste of time.

I urge you to not support HB 2001. The law places unnecessary burden on the education system to perform law enforcement. Furthermore the law casts a cloud of suspicion where none is needed. The education of those seeking to better themselves is in the interest of America and our institutions are not a place for a dark cloud of suspicion but enlightenment and promise.

I urge you to not support HB 2002. The law places an unnecessary burden on the entities who are trying their best to help immigrants and refugees find a better life. The immigrants and refugees are already cleared by the federal government. The law is made to create red tape and excessive state mechanism to disrupt these important services. I urge you not to support systems requiring the registry of individuals age, gender, and national origin of each individual. They are not in the interest of America.

I urge you to not support HB 2236. In this time of change, it is important to not to bludgeon localities found to violate the law nor is it necessary to chain our law to that of the federal system. First the language of the law is despicable to take away funding to a locality just because they are found to violate the law. Note that it doesn’t include willful or not just found in violation. The law is designed to hurt localities that fail to enforce immigration laws which of course will be localities with immigrants. The law is designed to reduce services which will cause unnecessary stress and harm to the members of the locality and is sinister in its attempt to drive people away. It is an awful law that is in no way representative of American values.

I urge you to not support any of the following: HB 1468, HB 1723, HB 2000, HB 2001, HB 2002, and HB 2236.

Re: SB 1262

I live in Charlottesville VA and am alarmed at the rate of anti-immigration bills being introduced into the Virginia state legislature. Having a locality be libel for an illegal immigrant’s actions via VA SB1262 is just disguised discrimination and intimidation. There are already plenty of laws in place to address illegal activity regardless of a persons immigration status. I urge you to vote, debate and take a stand against VA SB1262 and other proposals in its vein.


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