Install Firefox on Amazon Linux x86_64 Compiling GTK+

Amazon Linux doesn’t offer the Gimp Tool Kit (GTK+) so if you want to run Firefox on an Amazon Linux system, say for Selenium testing, you are left having to compile the system yourself.  Luckily you have found this post.  Create the script below, run it as root and it will build all the components needed for GTK+ and its dependencies for Firefox to run just fine on the system.

vi ./gtk-firefox
chmod 755 ./gtk-firefox
sudo ./gtk-firefox

After you have built the packages, add the /usr/local/bin to your path by updating your .bashrc file.

cat << EOF >> ~/.bashrc
PATH=/usr/local/bin:\$PATH
export PATH
EOF

Here is the gtk-firefox file for your pleasure.

#!/bin/bash
# GTK+ and Firefox for Amazon Linux
# Written by Joseph Lawson 2012-06-03
# http://joekiller.com
# https://joekiller.com/2012/06/03/install-firefox-on-amazon-linux-x86_64-compiling-gtk/
# chmod 755 ./gtk-firefox.sh
# sudo ./gtk-firefox.sh
TARGET=/usr/local
function init()
{
export installroot=$TARGET/src
export workpath=$TARGET
yum –assumeyes install make libjpeg-devel libpng-devel \
libtiff-devel gcc libffi-devel gettext-devel libmpc-devel \
libstdc++46-devel xauth gcc-c++ libtool libX11-devel \
libXext-devel libXinerama-devel libXi-devel libxml2-devel \
libXrender-devel libXrandr-devel libXt dbus-glib \
libXdamage libXcomposite
mkdir -p $workpath
mkdir -p $installroot
cd $installroot
PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$workpath/lib/pkgconfig"
PATH=$workpath/bin:$PATH
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH PATH
bash -c "
cat << EOF > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/firefox.conf
$workpath/lib
$workpath/firefox
EOF
ldconfig
"
}
function finish()
{
cd $workpath
wget -r –no-parent –reject "index.html*" -nH –cut-dirs=7 http://download.cdn.mozilla.net/pub/mozilla.org/firefox/releases/latest/linux-x86_64/en-US/
tar xvf firefox*
cd bin
ln -s ../firefox/firefox
ldconfig
}
function install()
{
wget $1
FILE=`basename $1`
if [ ${FILE: -3} == ".xz" ]
then tar xvfJ $FILE
else tar xvf $FILE
fi
SHORT=${FILE:0:4}*
cd $SHORT
./configure –prefix=$workpath
make
make install
ldconfig
cd ..
}
init
install ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/autoconf/autoconf-2.69.tar.xz
install http://download.savannah.gnu.org/releases/freetype/freetype-2.4.9.tar.gz
install http://www.freedesktop.org/software/fontconfig/release/fontconfig-2.9.0.tar.gz
install http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/glib/2.32/glib-2.32.3.tar.xz
install http://cairographics.org/releases/pixman-0.26.0.tar.gz
install http://cairographics.org/releases/cairo-1.12.2.tar.xz
install http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/pango/1.30/pango-1.30.0.tar.xz
install http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/atk/2.4/atk-2.4.0.tar.xz
install http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/gdk-pixbuf/2.26/gdk-pixbuf-2.26.1.tar.xz
install http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/gnome/sources/gtk+/2.24/gtk+-2.24.10.tar.xz
finish
# adds the /usr/local/bin to your path by updating your .bashrc file.
cat << EOF >> ~/.bashrc
PATH=/usr/local/bin:\$PATH
export PATH
EOF

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gtk-firefox.sh
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If you are running OSX Mountain Lion or above and cannot get Firefox to run via the SSH -X command, make sure you have XQuartz installed as Apple removed X11 by default.

Edited to make Firefox latest release more reliable. Updated with Gist.

Edit 11/21/2012: Added dbus-glib dependency to gist. Added notes about running on OSX